Cold-chain

Cold-chain Component & Assistance

Cold-chain Component & Assistance

   Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare is implementing Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) for development of Horticulture in the country.
   Under MIDH, credit linked back ended subsidy is available for creation of post-harvest infrastructure including establishment of pack houses, cold storages, processing units, pre-cooling units, controlled atmosphere storage, reefer vans, low energy cold chambers and ripening chambers.

   Under Post harvest component of MIDH credit linked back ended subsidy @ 35% of the project cost in general areas and 50% in case of hilly and schedule areas is available. The component is demand/entrepreneur driven through commercial ventures for which Government assistance is credit linked and back ended.

S.No.ComponentsCost/Unit(Rs. in Lakh)
1Pack House4.00
2Integrated Pack House50.00
3Pre – Cooling Unit25.00 for 6 MT
4Mobile pre-cooling unit 25.00 
5Reefer vehicle 26.00 for 9MT 
6Primary processing units 25.00 
7Ripening chamber 1.00/MT for maximum 300 MT 
8Cold Storage Type – I @ Rs. 8000.00/MT 400.00 for maximum 5000 MT 
9Cold Storage Type – II @ 10000/MT 500.00 for maximum 5000 MT 
10Low energy cool chamber (100 kg) 0.04 
   

Assistance under MIDH

Existing and Required Cold-chain capacity

Cold-chain GAP Report

Existing and Required Cold-chain capacity


S.No.ComponentsExisting (No./Capacity)Approximate Requirement (No./Capacity)
1Pack House 25070000
3Reefer vehicle<1000062000
4Cold Storage32 milion MT35 milion MT
5Ripening Chamber8009000

Allocations for Cold-chain under MIDH during 2015-16


S.No.ComponentsAmount (Rs. in Crore)
1Central Sector Scheme  
 (CIH, NHB & CDB)500.00
3Centrally Sponsored Scheme  
 (NHM, HMNEH & NABM) 1500.00

During 2015 – 16 around Rs. 400.00 crore out of Rs. 1500.00 crore of Centrally Sponsored schemes is earmarked for development of post-harvest management including cold chain infrastructure.

State wise Cold Storage Capacity

State wise Cold Storage Capacity

(As on 31.03.2015)
S.No. State No. Capacity (MT)
1 Andaman & Nicobar Islands (UT) 2210
2 Andhra Pradesh 413 1622320
3 Arunachal Pradesh 2 5000
4 Assam 35 126179
5 Bihar 304 1411395
6 Chandigarh (UT) 7 12462
7 Chhattisgarh 97 470546
8 Delhi 97 129857
9 Goa 29 7705
10 Gujarat 625 2323175
11 Haryana 307 638601
12 Himachal Pradesh 34 53009
13 Jammu & Kashmir 29 69769
14 Jharkhand 56 221680
15 Karnataka 192 536333
16 Kerala 197 78355
17 Lakshadweep (UT) 1 15
18 Madhya Pradesh 275 1168321
19 Maharashtra 555 762798
20 Manipur 1 2175
21 Meghalaya 4 8200
22 Mizoram 3 3931
23 Nagaland 2 6150
24 Orissa 120 366699
25 Pondicherry (UT) 3 85
26 Punjab 617 2051377
27 Rajasthan 157 490888
28 Sikkim 3 2100
29 Tamil Nadu 165 304771
30 Tripura 14 45477
31 Uttar Pradesh 2209 13807762
32 Uttrakhand 30 89689
33 West Bengal 506 5912237
Total 7091 32729271

Source: Directorate of Marketing and Inspection (DMI) upto 2009, National Horticulture Board (NHB), National Horticulture Mission (NHM) & Ministry of Food Processing Industries

State wise & Agency wise distribution of Cold Storages as on 31.03.2016

State wise & Agency wise distribution of Cold Storages as on 31.03.2015

Way Forward

Way Forward

Promotion of Pack houses at back end and Refrigerated Transport at front end.

Promotion of alternate sources of energy like solar thermal and other non conventional and hybrid energy systems for cold chain projects especially pack houses, ripening chambers and stand alone cold stores.

Skill development in management of cold chain projects.

Quality control laboratories for cold chain equipment and accreditation.

Solar Energy for Cold-chain

Minimum System Standard for Cold-Chain Component